Joseph LeDoux's theory ; Paul Ekman's research on cross-cultural displays of emotion; I also have plenty of other AP Psychology, AP History, and regular history resources below, including full curriculum bundles, full unit bundles, activity bundles, writing bundles, and more! Freezing is a species-typical defensive reaction to conditioned threats. He is the author of the books Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are(2002), The Emotional Brain (1996), and Anxious: Using the Brain to Better Understand and Treat Fear and Anxiety . Full Curriculum (all updated for 2019-2020!) In Psychology and the Real World, each contribution is an original essay written exclusively for this project, with the "Who's Who . Introduction To Psychology Practice all cards Motivation A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal Instinct Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned 4 perspectives for viewing motivated behaviors Evolutionary Perspective Drive-Reduction Theory Arousal Theory Hierarchy of Needs . Richard Lazarus attempts to explain how cognition, stress, and emotion are interrelated to one another through the cognitive mediational theory of emotion. He directs the Emotional Brain Institute at NYU and at the Nathan Kline Institute. Period 3. . Joseph LeDoux's theory ; Paul Ekman's research on cross-cultural displays of emotion; I also have plenty of other AP Psychology, AP History, and regular history resources below, including full curriculum bundles, full unit bundles, activity bundles, writing bundles, and more! This Paper. In order to master this chapter, this cannot be just facts that you read once.